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Thursday, November 15, 2007

Osteomalacia in a patient with primary intestinal lymphangiectasis (Waldmann's disease).

Osteomalacia in a patient with primary intestinal lymphangiectasis (Waldmann's disease).

Joint Bone Spine. 2007 Aug 29
Sahli H, Ben Mbarek R, Elleuch M, Azzouz D, Meddeb N, Chéour E, Azzouz MM, Sellami S.
Rheumatology Department, La Rabta Hospital, 1007 Tunis, Tunisia.

Keywords: Waldmann's disease; Primary intestinal lymphangiectasis; Intestinal malabsorption; Osteomalacia; Vitamin D

Primary intestinal lymphangiectasis (PIL), also known as Waldmann's disease, is a rare protein-losing enteropathy characterized by abnormal enlargement of the lymphatic ducts in the bowel wall. The symptoms usually start in early infancy. We report a case of osteomalacia in a 63-year-old patient with delayed-onset of PIL, for which she was on dietary treatment. She presented with a 3-year history of mechanical pain in the back and pelvis. Mild ascites and edema with functional impairment of the lower limbs were noted. The neurological evaluation was normal. Blood tests showed hypocalcemia, hypophosphatemia, alkaline phosphatase elevation, and evidence of intestinal malabsorption. Radiographs of the pelvis disclosed a fracture, Looser's zones in the iliopubic rami and left femoral neck, and a washed-out appearance of the vertebras. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry showed bone loss with T-score values of -1.2SD at the lumbar spine and -2.5SD at the femoral necks. A diagnosis of osteomalacia related to vitamin D deficiency was given. Serum 25-OH-vitamin D was 18.2ng/ml (normal, 20-40ng/ml) and serum parathyroid hormone was 620pg/ml (normal, 15-65pg/ml), suggesting secondary hyperparathyroidism. Intramuscular vitamin D was given, together with oral calcium and an adequate diet. At follow-up 8 months later, small improvements were noted in the symptoms and absorptiometry findings.