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Friday, October 20, 2006

Intestinal lymphangiectasia Associated Lupus Erythematosus

Protein-losing enteropathy in systemic lupus erythematosus associated with intestinal lymphangiectasia

Edworthy SM, Fritzler MJ, Kelly JK, McHattie JD, Shaffer EA. Department of Medicine, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada.

This case report concerns a young woman with systemic lupus erythematosus who presented with a protein-losing enteropathy. Intestinal biopsy revealed lymphangiectasia. Mesenteric lymph nodes showed paracortical lymphoid depletion and multiple small sinusoids. Elevated cholesterol levels and normal lymphocyte counts characterized the peripheral blood samples. Lymph nodes, though enlarged, showed no evidence of obstructive pathology. No secondary cause of lymphangiectasia could be identified. The patient exhibited antinuclear antibodies and antibodies to dsDNA at the onset, and then, 5 yr later, the classic features of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The lymphocytopenia and hypolipidemia that characterizes lymphangiectasia is not a feature of the SLE cases reported to date. Furthermore, the mechanism for the dilated lymphatics and villous edema is more likely immunological than mechanical disruption of lymphatics.

Publication Types: Case ReportsPMID: 2220736 [ Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Systemic Lupus Erythematosus - eMedicine

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All About Lymphangiectasia Support group for parents, patients, children who suffer from all forms of lymphangiectasia. This condition is caused by dilation of the lymphatics. It can affect the intestinal tract, lungs and other critical body areas.